When the army finally overthrew him inthere was little resistance. Using religion for national integration seemed irresistible, since it was practically the only common bond between the several ethnicities and nationalities.
Some of the measures in this regards are as under: Two official languages Urdu and Englishsix or seven important regional ones Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Balochi, Saraiki, Bengaliand perhaps two dozen small or local ones mainly in the North are an indication of linguistic wealth, if not of homogeneity.
Relevance of Historical Approach to National Integration. Political parties must follow a laid down code of conduct including: Political instability, the rampant corruption of the political and bureaucratic??
Overdeveloped state structure This means the structural roots of dominance of non-political forces in the state system that is embedded in colonial legacy. Corruption, the still prevalent power of feudal landowners, and the permanent power games of the political elite all contributed to paralysis in the political system, and to under-performance in economic development.
Historical Background Share this: However, in our case, it has been the upper class i. The intellectuals, Ulemas and thinkers should come forward and not only confront the prophets of doom and gloom, but also devise means to keep the people insulated from propaganda of our rivals.
But at the same time the preconditions for Punjabi dominance were strengthened, by loosing the main potential counterweight, Bengal. Further, Cultural element is another element that is creating issues related with ethnicity within Pakistan.
Factors Weakening the National Integration of Pakistan National integration in the case of Pakistan cannot mean creating ethnic or national homogeneity throughout the country. These three elements are different and considered their own importance within Pakistan with different successful paradigm.
Hence it makes communication easy and there is greater mobility of population and resources. Muhajirs provided administrative and economic experience, while the Punjabi elites political power.
The authorities failed to deliver causing dissatisfaction, doubts, violence, chaos, and uncertainties, which created hurdles in the way of national integration.
In these ways, provinces like Baluchistan and Sindh lacked behind in every sphere of life. Again, all governments have utilized religion as a unifying force but in different forms. Only independent judiciary can guarantee this, which in turn ensures national integration.
These are the questions Pakistan has put of for a long time. Therefore, immense internal heterogeneity was linked to an overwhelming desire for unity, at least as articulated from the political center.
The saboteurs launched by anti-state elements fully exploited these differences and religious strength started turning into a national weakness.Jan 19, · Factors Weakening the National Integration of Pakistan National integration in the case of Pakistan cannot mean creating ethnic or national homogeneity throughout the country.
It can only mean establishing a common citizenry, common political and social structures, a common State, and an additional sense of identity, of belonging together.
Pakistan is facing the problem of national integration since its creation. The lack of national integration is a big problem. Owing to the absence of national integration Pakistan has been pushed to cruel circle. National integration is considered a common problem for most of the newly independent states of Asia and Africa.
Different segments of the society of these states for pursuing their goals do not hesitate to use even violent means. Conflicting situation can take place under such circumstances, which. Aug 08, · National Integration in the case of Pakistan cannot mean creating ethnic or national homogeneity throughout the country.
It can only mean establishing a common citizenry, common political and social structures, a common state, and an additional sense of identity of belonging together. Punjab, Lahore - Pakistan. Problems of National Integration in Pakistan Gulshan Majeed* Abstract The problem of national integration has a direct bearing on national unity.
Almost, all the developing nations of Asia and Africa are facing this twin problem of national integration and national identity. Pakistan is also no exception in this regard. Poor National Integration In Pakistan, Causes,Effects,Remedies.
There is a crisis of national integration in Pakistan since its birth. It is the victim of poor national integration.Download