Moreover, there are the fundamental difficulties in making decisions on broad issues of resource preservation. Whether such a transformation can be achieved in time is problematic, to say the least. Professor of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California D iscussions of the current extinction crisis all too often focus on the fates of prominent endangered species, and in many cases on deliberate overexploitation by human beings as the cause of the endangerment.
The first situation is certainly easier to deal with and represents, I believe, the stereotype of what economic analysis is about. The most dreaded factor inducing loss of biodiversity is environmental pollution which include air pollution, Water pollution, industrial pollution, pollution due to chemical Pastes, pesticides radioactive materials etc.
Further, the concept of interests in his theoryunder social interest emphasised on protecting and preserving social resources not only for today but also for the coming generation. It is like an aging rake urging chastity on a young man: Many traditional arguments for attributing intrinsic value in a significantly higher degree, if not exclusively, to human beings have a common structure: Therefore, this Court recognized the need to take all precautionary measures when forests land are sought to be diverted for non-forestry use, the Court took into consideration intergenerational equity.
First, the argument applies in principle to trade between any areas not yet developed, and developing countries. Conclusion The socio-economic development is undoubtedly a positive force for the nation, but with that protection of environment and biodiversity laws has change drastically and initiatives are been taken and guideilnes are been provided by the courts for protecting and preserving the endanger species.
Whereas an isolated region must produce all the natural resources that its members wish to consume, once the region enters into trade relations with other areas it can satisfy its wants by specializing in the production of a small set of goods and exchanging its surplus production for the other needed commodities.
This loss has fused the knowledge of biodiversity amongst the people who were in close proximity with the natural ecosystem. All plants, animals, and microorganisms exchange gases with their environments and are thus directly or indirectly involved in maintaining the mix of gases in the atmosphere.
The basic reason is that efficient harvesting of the sea requires the exploitation of concentrated pools of resources—schools of fishes and larger invertebrates. The State was required to undertake short term as well as long term measures for the protection of the environment .
This is partly a consequence of the intertemporal aspects of resource management—the further into the future the consequences, the harder to predict them—but it is also due to the enormous variability that is inherent in many natural systems.
Each contracting parties shall take all practical measures to promote and advance priority access of a fair and equitable basis by contracting parties, especially developing countries, to the results and benefits arising from biotechnologies based upon genetic resources provided by the contracting parties.
In order to persist, Bay checkerspot butterflies Euphydryas editha bayensis must have areas of serpentine grassland to support the growth of plants that serve as food for their caterpillars and supply nectar to the adults. For example, one study claims that adopting the phylogenetic concept rather than one of the others would lead to large increases in the numbers of species to be found in various places.
Brennan and Lo Instead, economists have come to rely quite extensively on simulated markets, or their analogs, in which individuals reveal their preferences through interviews or experimental games involving trade-offs between money and environmental outcomes. In my opinion, only an intensive effort to make those improvements and substitutions, combined with a revolution in attitudes toward other people, population growth, the purpose of human life, and the intrinsic values of organic diversity, is likely to prevent the worst catastrophe ever to befall the human lineage.
Third, there is the problem of aggregating preferences or values across individuals.
In some places, wilderness and biodiversity are indeed closely related, as in those set-aside wild areas that are also hot spots of biodiversity. These questions involve a mixture of normative and positive analyses.Part 2- Analysis (15 points) ( pages max for each answer) Answer any THREE (5 points each) Why is the preservation of biodiversity important in a hot, flat and crowded world?
How can we preserve biodiversity? The preservation of biodiversity is important because it is what keeps life going on our planet. In some places, wilderness and biodiversity are indeed closely related, as in those set-aside wild areas that are also hot spots of biodiversity.
There is no doubt that management and preservation of natural variety is easier in the presence of low human population density (Mittermeier et al. ).
Dec 21, · Biodiversity preservation and sustainable development an analysis in India. Ms. Nanda Pardhey. India’s fast growth and huge population, scientific and techonological development, urbanization, industrialization and various other related factors are responsible for the rapid degradation of the environment and the ecosystem.
Helping to Preserve Biodiversity Using GIS. Conservation biology places a major emphasis on the preservation of biodiversity and this in turn means that data on the distribution of endangered species and of suitable habitats for such species in of paramount concern to biologists working in the field.
Conservation of biodiversity is protection, upliftment and scientific management of biodiversity so as to maintain it at its threshold level and derive sustainable benefits for the present and future generation. Any analysis of the value of preserving biodiversity requires the attention of many disciplines.
The chapters that follow in this section define the role of economics in this endeavor and assess its contribution. In this chapter, I offer a brief overview of some of the issues involved in the economics of biodiversity.Download